Portuguese pilot case has four sites, which are located in the Portuguese mainland. Following the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) the Portuguese sites are located in the NUTS 2 “Norte”, “Centro” and “Alentejo”. Site 1 is a management area designated by “Quintarrei” (RAIZ1) located in the north region of Portugal – “Norte”. Sites 2 and 3 are located in central Portugal (“Centro”) and are, respectively, designated as “Baixo Vouga” (RAIZ2) and “Caniceira” (RAIZ3). Site 4 is designated “Calha do Grou” and is located in the “Alentejo” region. Sites 1 and 3 are managed by The Navigator Company and, on the other hand, Sites 2 and 4 are dominantly managed by private owners. Site 4 belongs to a Forest Intervention Area (ZIF) where forest owners have a joint forest management approach. The dominant species in Sites 1, 2 and 3 is Eucalyptus globulus.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system this AOI has a Mediterranean climate, group C of the classification system. Site 1 and 2 are located in the temperate region with dry or temperate summer (Csb). Site 3 and Site 4 are located in the temperate region with dry or hot summer (Csa).
In the Portuguese Pilot Case the main forest types are Eucalyptus globulus, Quercus Suber and Pinus Pinaster. Occur less frequently other hardwoods and softwoods. The dominant forest species in our sites 1, 2 and 3 is Eucalyptus globulus. The dominant forest species in site 4 is Quercus suber. Pinus pinea is also a relevant forest species in this site. Forest conservation areas include mainly riparian vegetation on river courses, but also some hardwood species. Forest in protection areas includes mainly native softwoods. Forest infrastructures are mainly: forest roads, firebreaks and power lines. Social areas are small villages or buildings that support forest activity.